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Past Simple, Past Perfect, Past Perfect Continuous


 

 

Ex.1 Compare the use of the Past Perfect Simple,

the Past Perfect Continuous and the Past Simple tense-forms.

1. She ran downstairs to open the door, but it was too late. The postman had already gone.

2. She apologized and said she had already had lunch.

3. He had been smoking for 20 years before he finally gave it up last year.

4. All the roads were blocked: it had been snowing all night long.

5. I had hardly got off the tram when it suddenly started moving.

6. I felt awful after dinner. I had eaten too much.

7. It turned out that Patrick had broken his leg the previous morning.

8. I was pleased to see my old college friends at the conference last week

as we hadn't seen each other since we finished our course.

9. Maggie took a hot bath after she had been working in the garden all

afternoon.

10.I had a pleasant surprise when I got to my room: someone had put some flowers there for me.

 

 

Ex.2 Choose the appropriate tense-forms: Past Perfect / Past Perfect

Continuous and Past Simple/Past Continuous.

 

1. He turned off the electric light. It had been burning/had burnt all

night.

2. Nobody bothered to inform me that the school decided/had decided to have a special holiday that Friday.

3. Paul offered/had offered me another drink but I decided I drank/had drunk enough.

4. I knew I did/had done well in my exams even before I received the official results.

5. I saw/had seen right away it was the place I looked/had been looking for all my life.

6. As soon as he raised his eyes I knew/had known that we met/had met

before.

7. Excuse me, I had ordered/ordered a coffee half an hour ago.

Is it ready yet?

8. She finished/had finished most of the work by the time her boss arrived.

 

 

Ex.3 Read the following story. Find the past tense verbs in

each sentence and define the event that happened first.

 

a. When David got home he saw that someone had left the front door

open.

b. He wondered what had happened.

c. He noticed that someone had made a lot of footprints in the flowerbed.

d. He was sure that he'd locked the door that morning,

e. He was horrified to see that someone had smashed the window,

f. David guessed that a burglar had broken in.

g. He went into the sitting room and saw that the clock on the wall had

gone.

h. The burglar had not had time to take everything because David came

home.

i. When he had looked around the house he phoned the police.

j. He told them exactly what the burglar had taken.

k. The police said that he had done the right thing.

1. He hadn't touched anything before he called them.

m. They hoped that the damage had not been too serious.

n. After he had finished the phone call he made himself a cup of tea.

o. He was glad they hadn't taken the kettle!

 

 

FUTURE FORMS

 

 

Ex.1 Compare the use of different tense-forms to express

future actions in English.

1. If you come tonight, I am sure you'll have much fun.

2. It's Jane's birthday in August. She will be sixteen.

3. Phew! It's hot here. - Yes, it is. I'll turn on the air conditioning.

4. She said she would go to college if she did well in her exams.

5. I think she'll have heard all about it by the time I see her.

6. I am going to take my driving test on Wednesday.

7. Take a warm coat. It's very cloudy. I think it is going to snow.

8. Our guests arrive by the 11.50 train.

9. They are opening an exhibition here next year.

10. How long will you have been studying English by the end of the year?

 

 

Ex.2 Open the brackets using an appropriate Future tense

where necessary.

 

1. I (take) my sun-glasses in case it is sunny.

2. I don't think I can join you because my aunt and uncle (stay) with us this

weekend.

3. You don't work in class! I (phone) your mother about this.

4. I (watch) television from eight o'clock to midnight.

5. When you (repair) my bike, Daddy? - I (do) it tomorrow if I have time.

6. It's so crowded in here. I think, I (faint). - I (take) you outside for

a while.

7. I don't know when the concert (be) over.

8. If he doesn't come I (be) upset.

9. By the end of the summer he (teach) me to work with the computer.

10. Have a good time in Italy! - Thanks. I (send) you a postcard.

11. I think you (like) Nick when you meet him.

12. I (cook) spaghetti in case you get hungry.

13. This is an excellent machine which (give) you many years of service.

14. They (move) to a new flat next week.

15. This time tomorrow I (lie) on the beach.

16. If you ask I'm sure he (offer) to help.

17. What you (do) tomorrow evening?

18. We (visit) Vienna on Tuesday, then (go) to Paris on Wednesday and

only afterwards we (spend) a few days in London.

19. Either you keep quiet or I (have) to ask you to leave.

20. We both hope that your leg (be) better in a couple of weeks and you

(be able) to come to the wedding.

21. I never thought Jack (be) so much upset.

22. I (have) another English lesson this week.

 

 

Ex.3 Choose the correct form of the verbs.

 

1. Oh no! Look at the time! I'll be / I'm going to be terribly late.

2. If you want to go to the shop, you can borrow my brother's bicycle.

I'm sure he won't mind / he's not going to mind.

3. I'll go / I'm going to go into town this afternoon. Can I get you

anything?

4. Will you hold / Are you going to hold this box for a moment while

I unpack it?

5. I hear the government has announced they'll raise / they're going

to raise taxes again.

6. My car won't start: My car isn't going to start. It must be the cold,

I think.

7. I'll start / I'm going to start a new job next week.

8. I'm so sorry I forgot your birthday. Why don't you come round

tomorrow and I'll cook / I'm going to cook you a meal?

 

Ex.4 Put in the correct form of the verb. Task A is done for you.

 

A ANN - Are you two going out?

BILL - Yes, why?

ANN - It just said on the radio that it’s going to snow (it / snow).

BILL - Oh, did it? I’ll take (I / take) my big coat then.

JOE - Good idea. So will I.

 

B COLIN - We've run out of biscuits.

DAVE - Yeah, I know. (I / get) some this afternoon.

I've got them on my list.

 

C ED - Jenny's had her baby.

GAIL - Really? That's wonderful! (I / send) her some flowers.

ED - (I / visit) her this afternoon. (I / give) them to her

for you if you want.

GAIL - (you)? Thanks very much. In that case, (I / go) and

buy them right away.

 

D LAN - Casablanca is on at the Arts Cinema this week.

JILL - Yes. (I / see) it with Roger.

LAN - Oh.

 

E KEN - I haven't got a clean shirt. (you / wash) one for me?

LILY - No, (I / not). You can do your own washing.

 

 

Ex.5 Which future form would you choose in the following cases?

(Often more than one is possible)

 

1. We (travel) to Boston on Sunday.

2. He (go) to Manchester in May.

3. I bet she (pass) her exam.

4. I can't come to your party. I (play) in a concert that evening.

5. I (never/forget) you, I promise.

6. I (try) harder at school from now on.

7. The train (arrive) at five fifteen.

8. Look! There's George. I need to speak to him. I (see) you in a minute.

9. Oh no! Look at the fuel gauge. We (run out of) petrol.

10. She (learn) how to windsurf on holiday next year.

 

 

Ex.6 Read the following sentences and choose which is better

 

1.I have an appointment at the hairdresser tomorrow at 3.

I'm going to the hairdresser tomorrow /I will go to the hairdresser

tomorrow.

2. Mark is feeling very dizzy.

He faints. / He's going to faint.

3. If the sail hits the water ...

the boat will turn over/the boat is turning over.

4. - I'm hungry. - Come on, ...

we have a sandwich./let’s have a sandwich.

5. They've offered Penny a place at Bristol University!

The course is going to start in October. / The course starts in October.

6. Yvonne and Frank are playing chess this afternoon.

Frank is definitely going to win. / Frank is definitely winning.

7. I know!

I buy you a watch for your birthday! / I'll buy you a watch for

your birthday!

8. I can't quite reach that box of tissues on the top shelf.

Will you pass them to me, please? / Are you going to pass them to

me, please?

 

 

Ex.7 Put the verbs in brackets into the Future Simple,

the Future Perfect or the Future Perfect Continuous.

 

1. He will be hungry because he (not to eat).

2. We (to go) by train for two days by the time we get there.

3. She will be tonight as she (to work) all day.

4. Brian (to have) dinner when mother comes.

5. They (to meet) us by the time they have to leave Ukraine.

6. She (to work) at school for twenty years by 2001.

7. My sister (to study) for five years when she gets her degree.

8. Don't be late! They (to wait) for you in the cold.

9. They (to live) in this house for some months by the time we find them a new flat.

10. Her granny (to be) a member of the committee for three years by the time she retires.

11. Our children (to play) for three hours by five o'clock.

12. At eleven o'clock she (to sleep).

13. I (to be) a member of our team for seven months by the time the championship begins.

14. Tomorrow at this time I (to watch) television.

15. Her husband (to wait) for her at the airport when her plane lands.

16. In September they (to be) married for ten years.

 

 

Ex.8 Choose the correct form. Sometimes both are possible.

 

I'm not going/ I won't go to work tomorrow because it's Saturday.

 

1. I'm going to study / I'll study English here next year.

2. - Shall we / Will we eat out tonight?

- Good idea.

3. We'll go / We're going to Brazil next week. I can't wait.

4. What are you going to wear / are you wearing to the party?

5. Do you think it will rain / it's going to rain tomorrow?

6. A- This is heavy. B- I'll help / I help you.

7. I'm meeting /I meet a friend this evening.

8. I'm really sorry. I promise I won't do / I'm not going to do it again.

9. They're getting / They're going to get married in May.

 

 

Ex.9 Complete B's replies with a correct future form.

 

A - Sorry, Ann's not in.

B - OK. I'll call back later. (call back)

1. A - There's no milk.

_ B - Don't worry, I ….. some. (get)

2. A - Can we meet on Tuesday?

... B - Sorry, I can't. I ….. to Brighton on Tuesday. (go)

3. A - Can we have pizza for lunch?

_ B - No, we ….. chicken. I've already put it in the oven. (have)

4. A - Is that the phone?

_ B - Yes, but don't get up. I ….. it. (answer)

5. A - Jane's put on a lot of weight!

_ B - She's pregnant. She ….. a baby in August. (have)

 

PASSIVE VOICE

Ex.1 Read the following information about the Great Pyramid

and find the passive verbs.

 

The Great Pyramid was built in Egypt about 5,000 years ago. It was constructed to the west of the River Nile. This area was called ‘The land of the Dead’ The Great Pyramid was made from huge blocks of limestone. The wheel had not yet been invented, so the blocks of stone were pulled from the quarry by hundreds of men on a path of wooden logs. The pyramid was designed with a solid core of limestone with four sides, and gaps were left for corridors and various rooms. It is not known exactly what the pyramids were used for, but burial chambers (where the bodies of dead Pharaohs and their family and servants were placed) have been found deep inside the pyramids. It is thought that pyramids were designed to help the Pharaoh's spirit rise up to the sun after death. The pyramids are visited by millions of people each year.

 

 

Ex.2 Read the following information about the famous ship

‘The Titanic’ and use the correct passive form of the verb

in brackets.

 

The Titanic ( build) in 1912. It ( design) in a new way and it ( think) to be unsinkable. Because of this, it ( not/give) enough lifeboats for the passenger and crew. The hull (damage) by a collision with a huge iceberg and it sank very fast. A total of 1,513 people ( drown) that day. Because of this disaster, new international safety laws ( pass) and the Ice Patrol ( establish) . In 1985 the wreck ( locate) on the sea bed and the ship ( explore) . Several successful films ( make) about the Titanic since then, and the most recent ( release) in 1997.

Ex.3 Make two passive sentences from each of the following

statements.

 

1. The chef baked a huge cake for the president's daughter.

A huge cake ........

The President's daughter.....................

2. The director of the gallery showed the journalists the new sculpture.

3. A record company offered Robbie Williams a multi-million dollar

contract recently.

4. The government granted some war veterans a pardon.

5. The academy awarded Nadia Kastelitz the state literature prize.

6. The committee gave Viktor Selivanov a gold medal for bravery.

 

 

Ex.4 Put the verbs in the correct form.

 

1. I've collected all the documents that (need) for the house sale.

Can you take them to the lawyer's office to (sign)?

2. Look, this is a secret. Come into the garden (not / overhear).

3. If you hadn't been so late for work, you (sack).

4. This office is very inefficient. The telephone (never / answer)

Promptly no proper records (keep), and, worst of all, no reports

(written) for weeks.

5. I was so worried about my garden while I was in hospital, but I

have very good neighbours. When I got home I could see that

the vegetables (water) every day and the grass (cut) regularly.

6. Can you come to the police station? The man who (suspect) of

stealing your wallet (arrest), and (question) at the moment.

The police hope he (identify), either by you or another witness.

7. We had hoped to see several famous paintings, but the gallery

(re-organised) at the time of our visit and most of the really valuable

works (move) for safe keeping.

 

 

Ex.5 Put the verbs into a suitable tense in the passive.

 

Mary has just arrived home from work. Neil is already there.

MARY - Hi! I’m back. Sorry I’m late.

NEIL - Hello. What kept you?

MARY - I had to use the ring road and I (stick) in a traffic jam for

forty minutes.

NEIL - Why didn't you use the usual route?

MARY - Because the road (close) until work on the access road to

the new hospital (complete).

NEIL - When is it due to (finish)?

MARY - Well, the access road (open) by the Mayor next week, according

to the newspaper, and the Health Minister (invite) to open the

hospital on the same day, but they don't know yet whether she's

definitely coming.

NEIL - A lot of money (waste) if she doesn't come.

MARY- Why's that?

NEIL - Haven't you seen all those rose bushes that (plant) round

the hospital?

MARY - So? They'll be lovely for the patients.

NEIL - But the patients won't be able to see them, because they're

round the entrance, and the wards look on in the other direction.

A lot of people protested about it, but all their complaints

(ignore) until it was too late.

MARY - If they had money to spare, it (spend) on facilities for patients,

not on making the front look pretty for the Minister.

NEIL - Absolutely. It’s typical of this local council. They (elect) tо

save money, but they do just the opposite.

MARY - Perhaps they (throw) out at the next election.

NEIL - I hope so. Now, are you ready for supper?

 

 

Ex.6 Write questions using the passive. Some are present and some

are past.

 

1. Ask about the telephone, (when/invent?)

When was the telephone invented?

2. Ask about glass, (how/make?)

3. Ask about Australia, (when/discover?)

4. Ask about silver, (what/use for?)

5. Ask about television, (when/invent?)

 

Ex.7 Put the verb into the correct form, present simple or past simple,

active or passive.

 

1. It's a big factory. Five hundred people (employ) there.

2. Water (cover) most of the Earth's surface.

3. Most of the Earth's surface (cover) by water.

4. The park gates (lock) at 6.30 p.m. every evening.

5. The letter (post) a week ago and it (arrive) yesterday.

6. The boat (sink) quickly but fortunately everybody (rescue).

7. Ron's parents (die) when he was very young. He and his sister (bring) up

by their grandparents.

8. I was born in London but I (grow) up in the north of England.

9. While I was on holiday, my camera ( steal) from my hotel room.

10. While I was on holiday, my camera (disappear) from my hotel room.

11. Why (Sue/resign) from her job? Didn't she enjoy it?

12. Why (Bill/sack) from his job? What did he do wrong?

13. The company is not independent. It (own) by a much larger company.

14. I saw an accident last night. Somebody (call) an ambulance but

nobody (injure) so the ambulance (not/need).

15. Where (these photographs/take)? In London? (you/take) them?

 

 

READ AND PRACTICE

 

Practice the conversations

 

Ex.1

A LONG-DISTANCE TELEPHONE CALL

A - Hi, Jack. This is Jim. I'm calling from Miami.

B - From Miami? What are you doing in Miami?

A - I'm on vacation.

B - How's the weather in Miami? Is it sunny?

A - No, it isn't. It's cloudy.

B - Is it hot?

A - No, it isn't. It's cold.

B - Are you having a good time?

 

A - No, I'm not. I'm having a TERRIBLE time. The weather is

TERRIBLE here.

B - I'm sorry to hear that.

You're on vacation and the weather is terrible. Call your friend. Use the conversation above as a guide.

A - Hi, ….. This is…..I'm calling from …..

B - From ….. ? What are you doing in …..?

A - I'm on vacation.

B - How's the weather in…..? Is it….. ?

A - No, it isn't. It's …..

B - Is it….. ?

A - No, it isn't. It's …..

B - Are you having a good time?

A - No, I'm not. I am having a TERRIBLE time. The weather is

TERRIBLE here.

B - I'm sorry to hear that.

 

Switzerland Honolulu
cool? hot?
snowing? sunny?

 

 

Ex.2

A - What are you doing?!

B - I'm washing the dishes in the bathtub.

A - That's strange! Do you USUALLY wash the dishes in the bathtub?

B - No. I NEVER wash the dishes in the bathtub, but I’m washing

the dishes in the bathtub TODAY.

A - Why are you washing the dishes in the bathtub?

B - Because my SINK is broken.

A - I'm sorry to hear that.

 

1. sleep 2. cook

sleeping on the floor cooking on the radiator

bed stove

 

3. study 4. shout

studying English by shouting to my neighbour candlelight across the street

lamp telephone

 

A - What are you doing?!

B - I'm …..

A - That's strange! Do you USUALLY…..?

B - No, I NEVER ….. , but I'm…..TODAY.

A - Why are you……?

B - Because my…..is broken.

A - I'm sorry to hear that.

 

 

Ex.3

 

A - Hello. May I please speak to Mr. Armstrong?

B - This is Mr. Armstrong. Can I help you?

A - Yes. There's something wrong with my kitchen sink and I need

a good plumber who can come over and fix it as soon as possible.

B - Where do you live?

A - I live at 156 Grove Street in Centerville.

B - I can come over tomorrow at four o'clock. Is that O.K.?

A - Not really. I’m afraid I won't be home tomorrow at four o'clock.

I'll be taking my son to the dentist. Can you come at any other time?

B - Not this week. I'm really busy. I won't be able to come over until

some time next week.

A - That's too late. I guess I'll have to call somebody else.

Thank you anyway.

B - Good-bye.

A - Good-bye.

 

 

A - Hello. May I please speak to (Mr./Mrs./Miss/Ms.) ?

B - This is (Mr./Mrs./Miss/Ms.)….. Can I help you?

A - Yes. There's something wrong with my …..and I need a good …..

who can come over and fix it as soon as possible.

B - Where do you live?

A - I live at….. in…..

B - I can come over tomorrow at…..o'clock. Is that O.K.?

A - Not really. I'm afraid I won't be home tomorrow at ….. o'clock.

I'll be ….. ing. Can you come at any other time?

B - Not this week. I'm really busy.

I won't be able to come over until some time next week.

A - That's too late. I guess I'll have to call somebody else. Thank you

anyway.

B.- Good-bye.

A - Good-bye.

 

1. electrician 2. TV repairman

3. piano tuner 4. plumber

 

 

Ex.4

 

A - Hello, Richard. This is Julie. I want to return the tennis racket I

borrowed from you last week. Will you be home today at about

five o'clock?

B - Yes, I will. I'll be cooking dinner.

A - Oh, well. Then I won't come over at five.

B - Why not?

A - I don't want to disturb you. You'll be cooking dinner!

B - Don't worry. You won't disturb me.

A - O.K. I'll see you at five.

A - Hello,….. This is …..

I want to return the….. I borrowed from you last week.

Will you be home today at about…..o'clock?

B - Yes, I will. I'll be….. ing.

A - Oh, well. Then I won't come over at…..

B - Why not?

A - I don't want to disturb you. You'll be….. ing!

B - Don't worry. You won't disturb me.

A - O.K. I'll see you at …..

 

1. book 2. record

doing the laundry watching my favorite

TV program

 

3. hammer 4. coffee pot

helping my son knitting

with his

homework

 

REVISION

 

 

Ex.1 Put in is/are/ was/were/did/have/has.

1. Where….. your shoes made?

2. …..you go out last night?

3. What…..you doing at 10.30?

4. Where…..your mother born?

5. …..Barbara gone home?

6. What time…..she go?

7. When…..these houses built?

8. …..Jim arrived yet?

9.Why…..you go home early?

10. How long…..they been married?

11. Joe….. lost his passport.

12. This bridge….. built ten years ago.

13.….. you finished your work yet?

14. This town is always clean. The streets….. cleaned every day.

15. Where….. you born?

16. I….. just made some coffee. Would….. you like some?

17. Glass….. made from sand.

18. This is a very old photograph. It….. taken a long time ago.

19. Joe….. bought a new car.

 

Ex2 Choose the correct answer

 

A

 

1. They ….. the trip for two months.

A have been planning B plan C are planning

2. Watch out! You….. your head on the cup­board door!

A will bump B bump C are going to bump

3. They…..to that restaurant every Saturday for lunch.

A goes B go C are going

4. He….. that book four times already.

A has read B is reading C reads

5. Sally….. breakfast when the parcel arrived.

A has B is having C was having

6. I think I ….. some letters this afternoon.

A will write B write C am writing

7. By the time I got to the station , the train…..

A left B had left C was leaving

8. He…..on the car all morning.

A is working B has been working C works

9. By the time they got to the shop, it …..

A is closing B had already closed C closed

10. When the plane landed in London it …..

A was snowing B snowed C snows

11. I think I…..to the gym tomorrow.

A go B will go C am going

12. Jonathan….. in the garden at the moment.

A played B plays C is playing

13. Patricia….. three letters this week.

A has written B writes C has been writing

14. He….. home ten minutes ago.

A has arrived B arrived C was arriving

 

 

B

 

1. They usually…..for lunch on Tuesday.

A are meeting B have met C meet

2. I …..long hair, but now it's short.

A was having B used to have C didn't use to have

3.At 8 o'clock this morning I…..for the train.

A was waiting B waited C have waited

4.He ….. dinner by the time she got home.

A has already eaten B ate C had already eaten

5.Ted ….. on the phone when his mother arrived.

A had been talking B was talking C talked

6. They ….. to London for a business meeting tomorrow.

A would go B go C are going

7. The rain stopped and the sun….. out again.

A was coming B had come C came

8. They…..the house for six months now.

A are building B have been building C have built

 

C

 

1. Billy always…..his bedroom on Sundays.

A is tidying B tidies C tidy

2. At 5 o'clock yesterday afternoon Tim….. coffee with his friends.

A was drinking B drank C drinks

3. The train stopped and all the passengers….. off.

A had got B got C were getting

4. Julie ….. on the phone for twenty minutes now.

A is talking B has talked C has been talking

5. The sun ….. in the west.

A sets B is setting C set

6. They…..camping every summer, but now they don't.

A didn't use to go B were going C used to go

7. He'll buy a car as soon as he…..enough money.

A will save B save C saves

8. I…..for you for two hours. You're late!

A am waiting B wait C have been waiting

 

Ex.3 Open the brackets using the appropriate tense-forms.

 

1. By the time I (get) to the station the train (leave).

2. Patrick's mother (be) very angry when he (come) home late because she

(worry) about him all evening.

3. The children (start) a fire. They (play) with matches.

4. Brenda (disappear) before 1 (have) time to talk to her.

5. Bruce (go) to hospital because he (cut) his hand while he (try) to mend

a broken window.

6. It (be) more than a month before I (realize) what (happen).

7. When Jack (not/arrive) by 6 p.m. I (know) he (miss) the bus.

8. When 1 (meet) him he (work) as a plumber for a year or so.

9. We scarcely (start) eating when there (be) another scream.

10. We (look) through the agreement before we (sign) it.

11. I (be) very pleased when my son (find) my watch because we (look) for

it for hours.

12. Nina (think) she (leave) her purse in a locker in the changing room the

day before.

13. I (wake) up and (look) out of the window. Everything (be) white. It

(snow) all night.

14. Not until I (look) at my watch did I realize how much time (pass).

15. Karen (admit) that she (make) a mistake and (apologize).

16. Isabel (send) a postcard to the girl she (make) friends with while she

(attend) a language course.

17. They (run) out of petrol because Paul (use) the car several times before.

18. When we (get) to the airport we (hear) that they (cancel) all the flights.

19. When our teacher (see) what Tom (do) she (be) absolutely furious.

20. My old watch (work) very well for many years before I (drop) it.

21. I (run) out of money but luckily I (be) able to borrow enough to get

home.

22. I (have) to be early the next morning, so I (excuse) myself and (leave)

the party.

23. He (keep) his job although the manager (threaten) to sack him several

times.

24. When Mr. Grab (come) out of the water, he (find) that somebody (take)

all his clothes.

25. After the movie (finish) they (decide) to get something to eat.

26. Many modern medicines were not invented by western scientists but

by tribal people who (use) them for generations before Europeans (arrive).

27. It was not surprising that she (start) getting a bad toothache. She

(not/go) to the dentist for two years.

28. Her work (look) really neat because she (use) the computer.

29. The chairman's main fault was that he persistently (interrupt) the

speakers before they (finish).

30. After she (dress) and (eat) her breakfast, Linda (rush) off to her office

for a meeting with her accountant.

31. Peter already (see) that musical before he (read) the review about it.

32. When I (go) into the room I could smell cigarette smoke. Obviously

somebody (smoke) in there.

33. Because Jasper (make) an appointment with his dentist beforehand

he (hope) he wouldn't have to wait long, although there (be) a lot of

people in the waiting-room when he (arrive).

34. By the time Bill (leave) school, he (speak) good French and German.

When he (be) at university he (learn) Italian and Spanish.

35. Yesterday Jenny (send) me a very apologetic letter explaining why she

(not/do) what she (promise).

36. Ann only (work) there for a few days when she (decide) to leave.

37. The bank (tell) me last week there (be) no money in my account.

I (spend) it all.

38. The label (come) off the tin and I didn't know how to cook the meat.

 

Ex.4 Decide which answer A, B, C or D best fits each space.

 

The stolen bike

... ....... One morning last week I realized that my bike (1) stolen from my garden. I phoned the police and two officers called at my house the next day. They (2) me if I had seen or heard anything. I told (3) I had been out that evening, and hadn't noticed anything suspicious when I came home. ‘If I had seen anything, I (4) you,’ I replied. ‘It was raining hard too. If the weather (5) so bad, I would have ridden my bike.’ The officers told me that lots of people (6) their bikes stolen lately. ‘The thieves (7) to have put the bikes in a van,’ said one of the officers. ‘I (8) I had known about that, ’I said. ‘I saw a black van that evening. In fact, it (9) opposite my house. ’The officers asked me what the van's number (10), but I couldn't remember. ‘(11) you saw the van gain, (12) you recognize it?’ one of them asked. ‘ It (13) painting. I remember that,’ I replied. However, there was a happy ending to this story. After the officers had left, I (14) by a friend of mine. ‘By the way,’ she said, ‘(15) you want your bike, I'll bring it back this afternoon. I borrowed it a couple of days ago.’

 

1) A)had 2) A) reminded 3) A) them 4) a) called 5) A) wasn't 6) A) had 7) A) think 8) a) would 9) A) was parked 10) A) is 11) A) If 12) A) do 13) a) needed 14) A) called up 15) A) unless   B) had been B) questioned B) that B) would B) wouldn't be B) had had B)are thought B) realize B) had parking B) was B)When B)can B) had been B) was phoned B) if only   C) had had itself C) told C) if C) had called C) hadn't been C) had to have C) have thought C) wish C) is parked C) had C) Remember C) would C) looked like C) had a phone call C) if   D) had not D) asked D) later D) would have called D) wouldn't have been D) hadn't D) are' thinking D) thought D) has parked D) wrote D) Suppose D) if D) seemed D) heard some news D) as long as

Ex.5 Put each verb in brackets into a suitable tense.

 

A friend in the rain

... ....... Last week I (1) (walk) home after playing tennis when it (2) (start) raining very heavily. 'Oh no, I (3) (get) soaked before I (4) (reach) home, 'I thought. 'I wish I (5) (remember) to bring my raincoat.' But unfortunately I (6) (leave) it at home. 'How stupid of me! I (7) (always forget) to bring it with me.' Luckily just then a friend of mine passed in her car and offered me a lift. '(8) (you go) home?' she asked, 'or (9) (you want) to go for a drink?' think I'd rather you (10) (take) me home,' I said. 'If I (11) (not change) my clothes, I know I (12) (fall) ill, and then I (13) (not be able) to play in the tennis tournament next week. And I (14) (practice) hard for the last month.' I (15) (wait) for you to change if you (16) (like),' she told me. 'I think it's time you (17) (relax) for a change. You (18) (worry) too much about things lately. And people who (19) (worry) too much (20) (fall) ill more easily. It's got nothing to do with the rain!'

 

Ex.6 Read this story. The sentences are in the wrong order. Put them

in the correct order to make a British joke.

 

The four-legged chicken

A "Amazing," said the man. "I must buy one. My friends will never

believe it. How much do you want?"

B "I can't?" responded the man. "Come on. tell me, why not?"

C He knew that four-legged chickens don't exist - but he hadn’t been

drinking and he felt quite well.

D "They move too fast," answered the farmer. "I've been breeding them

for all these years and never caught one yet."

E So he pulled into the next farm he came to and said to the farmer,

"Excuse me, but I think I've just seen a four-legged chicken."

F A man was driving down a country lane when something ran very fast

across the road in front of his car.

G "I don't sell them," said the farmer. "You can offer me as much money

as you like but you still can't have one."

H The farmer showed no surprise. "Yes," he said. "It was one of mine.

I've been breeding them for about five years. You can get more money

for four-legged chickens than for ones with two legs."

I He screeched to a halt and suddenly realised that he'd nearly hit

a four-legged chicken.

 

 

Ex.7 Put the verbs in brackets into the present simple, present

continuous or past simple.

 

Donna - Hello Mark! It's Donna. How are you?

Mark - I'm fine. I (wake up) half an hour ago and I (have) breakfast

at the moment.

Donna - But, it's lunchtime!

Mark - Well, Ann and I (go) to Philip's party last night and we (come)

home very late.

Donna - (you/enjoy) the party?

Mark - I (have) a very good time but Ann (not/like) it.

Donna - Oh, why?

Mark - They only (play) rock music and Ann (hate) rock. She

(not/dance) at all.

Donna - (they/serve) any food?

Mark - Yes, there (be) a lot of things. What (you/do) last night?

Donna - Well, I …

TRANSLATION PRACTICE

 

Translate from Russian into English

 

Ex.1

 

1. Я не уйду, пока вы не вернетесь.

2. Когда Дэвид приехал, Хэм уже ждал его.

3. Она читала статью, которая была написана для журнала.

4. Сколько времени вы меня ждете?

5. Она, наверно, давно уже наблюдает за мной, ждет, когда я обернусь и замечу ее.

6. Я была там уже две недели, когда получила ваше письмо.

7. Когда Мэйбл проснулась, ее мать уже встала и готовила чай.

8. В этот момент обсуждался очень важный вопрос и все внимательно

слушали.

9. За машиной послали, как только вещи были уложены.

10. Я давно хотел, поговорить с вами, но опасался, что этот разговор

будет вам неприятен.

 

Ex.2

 

1. План уже обсудили? - Не знаю. Когда я ушел, его еще обсуждали.

2. К концу года завод построили.

3. План еще обсуждают.

4. Я думал, что дом еще строится, но его уже построили. Говорят, его

построили в прошлом году.

5. Он сказал, что статья не будет опубликована, если она не понравится

Робертсу.

6. Он сказал, если все будут критиковать рецензию, ее не напечатают.

7. Она сказала, что рассердится, если я не прекращу разговор на эту тему.

8. Он спросил, давно ли она занимается немецким языком.

9. Он не советовал читать книгу, пока я не прочту предисловия.

10. Она спросила, где обсуждается пьеса. Ей сказали, что обсуждение идет

в комнате номер четырнадцать.

11.Все были удивлены, что Джордж не читал этой статьи о современной

Австралии.

12.Он поинтересовался, смогу ли я узнать эту женщину, если встречу

ее еще раз.

13.Сначала я не поверил ему. Я знал, что в ноябре не будет экзаменов.

14. Меня спросили, видел ли я первые фильмы Чаплина.

15. Какие неожиданные новости! Как вы думаете, что заставило их уехать?

16. Говорят, он путешествует по Южной Америке с прошлого года.

17.М-р Картер является главой фирмы уже двадцать один год.

 

 

Ex.3

 

1. Утро было солнечное, но с одиннадцати часов погода изменилась,

и теперь идет дождь.

2. Он узнал меня только после того, как я напомнил ему, где мы с ним

встречались.

3. Не звоните мне с трех до пяти, я буду работать в библиотеке.

4. Он сказал, что пошлет телеграмму, если в ближайшее время не

получит никаких известий из дома.

5. Эти люди так пристально смотрят на вас. Вы их знаете?

6. Небо было яркое, и звезды ярко светили.

7. Был вечер, и семья сидела за столом, ужин только что подали

на стол.

8. Я никогда не видела такого огромного солнца.

9. Я буду вам очень признательна, если вы напомните брату о его

обещании.

10. Прошлым летом я посетила место, где родилась и провела

детство.

11. Я не имею ни малейшего представления, о чем вы говорите.

12. Они проговорили около двух часов, а затем он сказал, что ему надо

повидать друзей.

 

Ex. 4

 

1. Он проснулся. Около кровати звонил телефон.

2. Когда он вернулся, мы постарались сделать вид, что мы говорили

не о нем.

3. Я подумал, что он устал, и спросил его, что он делал все это время.

4. Я получил большое удовольствие от балета. Почему вы не пошли с

нами?

5. Завтра я уезжаю в город на две недели.

6. Не приходи рано утром. Он будет еще спать.

7. Я никогда его не встречала и не знаю, как он выглядит.

8. Она долго сидела в саду и не знала, что происходит в доме.

9. Знает ли он твой новый адрес?- Да, знает. Он заходил ко мне два дня

назад.

10. Я уверен, что вы сможете сделать эту работу без моей помощи,

если постараетесь.

 

REFERENCE TABLES

 

Table 1. Present Indefinite (Simple)

 

Случаи употребле­ния Общеизвестные факты, являющиеся неопровержимой исти­ной. Действие обычное, регулярно повторяющееся в настоящем. Ряд последовательных действий в настоящем.
Наличие указателей времени.   каждый день every day обычно usually часто often никогда never иногда sometimes и др. сначала at first затем, потом then после after и др.
Примеры Вода замерзает при 0° С. Water freezes at zero. Земля — круглая. The world is round. Я часто пишу письма своей сестре. I often write letters to my sis­ter. Я прихожу на работу, просматриваю почту, а потом отвечаю на письма. I come to the office, look through the mail and then write letters.
Исклю­чения Present Indefinite (Simple) (Настоящее простое время) употребляется в придаточных предложениях времени и условия после союзов: если if, когда when, как только as soon as, прежде чем before и др. вместо Future Indefinite (Simple) (будущего простого времени). Present Indefinite (Simple) (Настоящее простое время) употребляется вместо Present Continuous (Настоящего длительного вре­мени) с глаголами, обозначающими восприятие, умственную деятельность, чувства: видеть to see, чувствовать to feel, слышать to hear, знать to know, понимать to understand, хотеть towant, любить to love, а также с глаголами быть to be, принадлежать to belong, состоять to consist и др.
Примеры Как только я напишу письмо, я сра­зу же его отправлю. As soon as I write the letter, I'll post it immediately. Я ее вижу. I see her now. Я слышу шум. I hear a noise. Я не понимаю, о чем он говорит. I don't understand what he is talking about.

Table 2. Past Indefinite (Simple)

 

Случаи употребле­ния   Фиксированные действия в прошлом. Регулярно повторяющиеся или последовательные действия в прошлом.
Нали- чие указателей времени   вчера yesterday два дня тому назад two days ago в прошлом году last year в 1950 году in 1950 В вопросах, начинающихся со слова когда when   сегодня today на этой неделе this week когда-либо ever никогда never еще yet     +   Наличие в предложении слов, фикси­рующих дей­ствия в прош- лом*   каждый день every day часто often обычно usually сначала, затем at first, then после after
Приме- ры Вчера я написал письмо своей сестре. Yesterday I wrote a letter to my sister. Вчера я писал много писем. Yesterday I wrote many letters. Когда ты написал (писал) письмо? When did you write the letter? Я никогда не писал таких писем, когда был ребенком. I never wrote such letters when I was a child. Я написал ему письмо сегодня после занятий. I wrote a letter to him today after classes. Я писал письма сестре каждую неделю. I wrote letters to my sister every week. Вчера я пришел домой, написал письмо сестре и лёг спать. Yesterday I came home, wrote a letter to my sister and went to bed.
           

 

*-Примечание: Сравните данный случай употребления Past Indefinite с

употреблением Present Perfect с теми же обстоятельствами времени в

предложениях, в которых время выражено наречиями неопределенного

времени.

 

Table 3. Future Indefinite (Simple)

 

 

Случаи употребле­ния Действия, относящиеся к будущему. Повторяющиеся действия в будущем. Ряд последовательных действий в будущем.
Наличие указателей времени завтра tomorrow через неделю in a week в будущем году next year каждый день every day часто often всегда always сначала at first затем then после after
Приме- ры Завтра я напишу (буду писать) письмо своей сестре. Tomorrow I will (I'll) write a letter to my sister. Я буду часто писать письма сестре. I will (I'll) often write letters to my sister. Я приеду домой и затем напишу письмо своей сестре. I will (I’ll) come home and then I'll write a letter to my sister.

 

 

Table 4. Present Continuous

 

 

Случаи употребления Действие в развитии, незаконченное, происходящее в настоящий момент. Действие, запланированное на ближайшее будущее. Форма Present Continuous образуется от глаголов, обозначающих движение: go, start, come, leave и др.
Наличие указа­телей времени сейчас now в данный момент at the presentmoment обстоятельства времени, указывающие на будущее: завтра tomorrow завтра 5-часовым поездом tomorrow by о’clock train и др.
Примеры Я сейчас пишу письмо сестре, не беспокой меня. I am writing a letter to my sister now, don't bother me. Через минуту я приду. I am coming in a minute.
Исключе­ние 13. Формы будущего времени не употребляются в придаточных предложениях времени и условия после союзов if если, when когда, as soon as как только, before прежде чем и др..: Если я буду спать, когда он придет, разбудите меня, пожалуйста. If I am sleeping when he comes, wake me up, please.

 

 

Table 5. Past Continuous

 

Случаи употребления Действие в развитии, незакон­ченное, происхо­дящее в опреде­ленный момент в прошлом. Действие, протекавшее в момент, когда произошло какое-либо другое действие. Это другое действие выражается глаголом в форме Past Indefinite (Simple)     Параллельные действия в прошлом (т.е. в одно и то же время). * Действие, протекавшее в ограниченный период времени (когда в предложении подчеркивается длительность процесса).
Наличие указателей времени в 7 часов at 7 o'clock в тот момент at the moment тогда then и др. В придаточных предложениях времени, начи­нающихся со слова когда when В придаточных предложениях времени, начинающих - ся со слов пока, в то время, как while с ... до from ... till весь день all day long целый месяц the whole month и др.
Примеры Что вы делали вчера в 7 часов вечера? Я писал письмо. What were you doing at 7 o'clock yesterday? I was writing a letter. Он писал письмо, когда я вошел в комнату. Не was writing a letter when I entered the room. Я писал письмо в то время, как он про­сматривал газеты. I was writing a letter while he was looking through the newspa­pers. Я писал письмо с 7 до 8 вечера (процесс). I was writing a letter from 7 till 8 o'clock last night.

*-Примечание: такие же действия могут выражаться формой Past Indefinite (Simple), когда нас интересует факт совершения действия, а не его длительность.

 

Table 6. Future Continuous

 

Случаи употребле­ния Действие в развитии, незаконченное, происходящее в определенный момент в будущем. Действие, которое будет совершаться, протекать в тот момент, когда произойдет другое действие. Это другое действие выражается глаголом в форме Present Indefinite (Simple). Параллельные действия в будущем (т. е. в одно и то же время).
Нали- чие указателей времени В 7 часов at 7 o'clock В придаточных предложениях вре­мени, начинающихся со слова когда when. В придаточных предложениях времени, начинающихся со слов пока, в то время, как while.
Приме- ры Что вы будете делать завтра в 7 часов вечера? Я буду писать письмо. What will you be doing tomorrow at 7 o'clock in the evening? I'll be writing a letter. Он будет писать письмо, когда я приду. Не will be writing a letter when I come. Я буду писать письмо в то время, как он будет просматривать газеты. I'll be writing a letter while he will be looking through the newspapers.


 

Table 7. Present Perfect

 

Случаи употребле­ния Действие, совершившееся в прошлом, но имеющее непосредст­венную связь с настоящим моментом. Без уточнения вре­мени. Действие, имевшее место в не истекший период времени в настоящем, которое может повториться. С наречиями неопределенно-го времени: Co словом «since»:
Наличие указате- лей времени нет сегодня today на этой неделе this week в этом месяце this month в этом году his year никогда never когда-либо ever еще yet уже already недавно (за последние дни или месяцы) lately недавно (за последние месяцы или годы) recently с since с тех пор since
Приме- ры Я написал это письмо. I have written the letter. На этой неделе я написал много писем сестрам. This week I have written many letters to my sisters. Я никогда не писал таких писем. I have never written such letters. Он уехал весной и не писал мне с тех пор. Не left in spring and he hasn't written to me since.
Исключения Present Perfect употребляется с глаголами восприятия: видеть to see, слышать to hear, а также с глаголами быть to be, знать to know обычно вместе с Present Perfect Continuous. Запомните! В этом случае Present Perfect переводится на русский язык настоящим временем. Present Perfect употребляется вместо Future Perfect в придаточных предложениях времени и условия после союзов если if, когда when, как только as soon as, прежде чем before.
Приме-ры Я нахожусь здесь с двух часов. I have been here since 2 o'clock. Он знает меня уже 5 лет. Не has known me for 5 years. Я поеду в Крым после того, как сдам экзамены. I'll go to the Crimea after 1 have taken my exams.

Table 8. Past Perfect

 

  Действие которое закончилось до определенного момента в прошлом. Этот момент определяется:
Случаи употребления Обстоятельством времени, оформленным посредством предлога к by. Другим прошедшим действием, которое произошло позднее и которое выражается глаголами в Past Indefinite (предпрошедшее время).
Нали- чие указате-лей времени к ... часам by ... o'clock к 15 мая by the 15th of May к концу недели by the end of the week   вчера до ... до того, как before прежде чем
Приме- ры Вчера к 7 часам я (уже) написал письмо сестре. Yesterday by 7 o'clock I had written a letter to my sister. До того, как он пришёл, я написал письмо сестре. I had written a letter to my sister before he come.

 

Table 9. Future Perfect

 

  Действие, которое будет завершено до определенного момента в будущем. Этот момент определяется
Случаи употребления Обстоятельством времени, оформленным посредством предлога к by. Другим будущим действием, которое выражается глаголами в Present Indefinite (Simple).
Нали- чие указате-лей времени к ... часам by ... o'clock к 15 мая by the 15th of May к концу недели by the end of the week вчера до ... до того как before прежде чем
Приме- ры     Завтра к 7 часам я напишу это письмо сестре. I'll have written the letter to my sister by 7 o'clock (tomorrow) Я напишу письмо сестре до того, как ты придешь. I'll have written the letter to my sister before you come.

 

 

Table10. Present Perfect Continuous

 

Слу-чаи употребления   Действие, начавшееся до настоящего момента, длившееся в течение некоторого периода времени и продолжающееся в момент речи или закончившееся непосредственно <


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